The environment ministers of the current 27 EU member states have agreed to end new registrations of passenger cars with combustion engines from 2035.
Around 20 percent of CO₂ emissions in the EU are caused by road traffic, as explained by MEP Jan Huitema. There has been heated debate in recent weeks, and now the European Union has clarified the matter. After a 16-hour meeting, the environment ministers of all 27 EU member states approved the new EU Green Deal. That is one component Combustion engine ban from 2035. This concerns the new registrations of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles, trucks are not affected. Only vehicles that are locally emission-free, such as electric cars, will then be allowed to be newly registered. At the insistence of the FDP in Germany, there could be an exception to this rule. Existing vehicles with combustion engines may continue to be driven after 2035, although the price of fuel will probably continue to rise.
New cars with internal combustion engines will probably remain available with e-fuels after 2035
Vehicles that run on e-fuels are named as an exception. Vehicles with internal combustion engines that can only be operated with synthetic fuels should also be able to be registered as new cars after 2035. To this end, the EU Commission is to submit a proposal on how this can be implemented. The technology for producing e-fuels is currently still very expensive, so you can at least twice the fuel price per liter compared to conventional petrol must calculate. In addition, the production of synthetic gasoline requires a lot of energy, so the energy balance of e-fuels is worse than that of a battery electric car. With 100 kilowatt hours of energy you can either produce one liter of e-fuel or drive almost 600 kilometers in an electric car. In general, it seems questionable whether enough synthetic fuel can be produced. In addition to being used in cars, e-fuels are also needed for airplanes and ships. After all – ideally – an equivalent to the greenhouse gas emissions emitted during the journey should be used in the production of e-fuels, so that these vehicles could drive with a CO₂-neutral balance.
In the Fit for 55 package, the EU environment ministers decided not only to phase out new cars with internal combustion engines, but also to take other measures to limit global warming. Europe should play a pioneering role in this. On the next page you can find out what further measures the environment ministers have decided on.